Child Adoption Tennessee
We believe what you are about to read is the best source of free information available to assist you in adopting a child in Tennessee. The information on this website is the result of 40 years of training, experience, research, heartache and hard work, put together here to help you without fee and without any obligation on your part. We have included everything we could think of to help you make your dream of a family become a reality.
Good luck, and please contact us if we can help you in any way.
Free Adoption Self-Help Manual
Our "Free Self Help Adoption Manual" is available to read right now on one of our websites and will take you step-by-step through what you need to know about each type of adoption and the adoption process.
At some point in the adoption process you will need to understand the types of adoption and make choices on which type and method of adoption is best for you and your family. Choices include deciding between a private adoption or using a licensed child adoption agency, choosing an open or closed adoption, and selecting between international or domestic adoption. Taking a few minutes to learn the adoption types now can save you time, money and frustration in the future.
Open versus Closed Adoption
Closed adoption basically means there is no identifying information exchanged between the adopting family and the birth parents. You may or may not meet and exchange first names, but last names, addresses, etc. are not exchanged.
Open adoption allows the birth mother, birth father, and adopting family to exchange identifying information and they are then able, if they so choose, to be in direct contact with one another.
Domestic versus International Adoption
Domestic adoption involves adopting a child who is a citizen of the same country as the adopting persons.
Intrastate and interstate distinctions are important for a family interested in domestic child adoption. In an intrastate child adoption the birth mother and adopting family live in the same state while in an interstate child adoption they live in different states.
International adoption involves a child born in one country being adopted by a family living in a different country.
Private versus Adoption Agency
An agency adoption is the safest route for a birth mother or a family interested in child adoption to take. An agency child adoption is arranged through an adoption agency that is licensed and monitored. Agencies can be profit or non-profit, public or private; the most critical factor being whether or not they are licensed.
A private child adoption is arranged through a private individual often a lawyer, physician, facilitator or referral service.
Facilitator versus Adoption Agency
Adoption facilitators can pose significant risks to your plans to adopt a child. In most states they are not regulated and therefore some use methods that are risky and take short cuts which can result in a child placement not going through or even worse having to return a child after the child has been living in your home. Even the federal government has issued warnings to birth mothers and adopting families about the risks associated with using adoption facilitators.
Adoption Agencies that are licensed by the state are the safest bet. They are run and operated by experienced and credentialed professionals and, as part of the licensing process, take the extra steps to insure the paper work and adoption process is done correctly.
Adoption Agency Selection
Selecting the right agency is an important early step for both a birth mother and a family interested in child adoption. Agencies come in a variety of forms. They can be for-profit or non-profit, public or private, and domestic or international. The most important fact to remember is that child adoption agencies licensed by the state give you options and important protections that are not available when you deal directly with an adoption facilitator, doctor, or attorney. We have included a list of adoption agencies in Tennessee as well as agencies licensed in other states.
Financial and other Help
Help in defraying child adoption costs, federal grants, loans, employer benefits, child adoption tax credits, and state and federal child adoption subsidies are available to persons interested in child adoption. There is even a federal law mandating health insurance coverage for an adopted child.
Government Agencies A-Z gives you a comprehensive list, with links to each, of the hundreds of federal agencies and departments.
Services and Benefits will help an adopting family find government programs to help you and your child.
State Governors offices and other government officials may be able to assist if problems or delays occur during the adoption process.
Adoption Support Groups
Adoption support groups in Tennessee and adoption support groups across the country can help provide pre-and-post adoption support in a domestic child adoption or international child adoption.
Adoption Related Organizations listed here can help with a child adoption and can be excellent sources of information and support.
We created a website which lists and explains the adoption laws of every state, plus all the laws you see listed below. Here you can also learn not only about the adoption laws in Tennessee, but also about other state laws, about interstate law, about international law, and about the Indian Child Welfare Act. Important information related to child adoption expenses and the use of advertising in adoption is presented. Also included is the Child Citizenship Act, Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, the Family Medical Leave Act, the Multiethnic Placement Act, the Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act, and the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Amendments.
More Adoption Help
Adoption of a special needs child may entitle an adopting family to special adoption assistance from the federal government and from state authorities. Monies are paid to adoptive families to help them defray expenses related to their child's need for ongoing therapies or treatment.
Disruption of an adoption, or adoption dissolution, is an adopting family's nightmare. Throughout the United States disruption rates consistently range from about 10 to 25 percent.
Costs and fees in an adoption are often state regulated. This site provides you with general information on birth parent expenses, agency fees and costs, use of an intermediary, and reporting child adoption-related expenses to the court.
We have another website that can help a family interested in child adoption to be aware of, and understand, the issues and concerns a birth mother and birth father face. Since these areas are so important to many birth mothers and birth fathers, they are areas you should know about.
International Child Adoption
Overview of international child adoption, as well as information on special international documentation including passport help, the authentication of document, the federal required fingerprinting, and the United States Citizenship and Immigration Service required form USCIS I-600a are presented. The U.S. Department of State tells you how to proceed with a child adoption in any specific country.
China, Russia and Guatemala adoptions used to be three of the most popular and safest foreign countries for child adoption. However, for the past few years no adoptions have been allowed from Guatemala
China adoption offers information on topics such as who can adopt in China, how long the waiting time is, steps in the child adoption process, who are the available Chinese children, what are the travel related issues, what are the costs and fees, where to get other information about China adoption including China support groups and information about the CCAA.
Russian adoption gives valuable information concerning who can adopt from Russia, how long is the waiting time, steps in the child adoption process, who are the available Russian children, what are the travel concerns, what are the costs and fees, where to get additional information about Russian child adoption, and where to find Russian child adoption support groups.
Guatemala adoption describes who can adopt from Guatemala, the waiting period, the Guatemalan child adoption process and the unique Guatemalan referral process, who are the available Guatemalan children, what are the travel related concerns, what are the costs and fees, where to find other information about Guatemalan child adoption, and where to find Guatemala child adoption support groups.
Information on adoption from additional countries is available by clicking this link.
Parenting obviously does not end with the adoption of a child, but rather it is the beginning. For example deciding when and how to explain adoption to the child, to other children in the family, and to friends and relatives is as important as recognizing that you and the adopted child face some developmental issues and concerns that are different than those faced by a child that has been biologically born into a family. It's also important to understand that there may be problems in school related to adoption, and that special problems may arise later due to the interaction of adolescence and adoption.
Contact the Creators of this Site
Our adoption agency is non-profit and is run by caring and experienced professionals. We are licensed in multiple states and we can help an adopting family or a birth mother living anywhere in the U.S. and even those living in foreign countries. No matter where you are, or what type of adoption you are interested in, we can help.
Good luck, and please contact us if we can help you in any way.
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Child Adoption Resources
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